Headaches are common – this thought can be a danger to your life. Never think that headaches are normal. If you experience frequent headaches or if you notice the appearance of headaches during a particular condition or situation, you should not ignore them. There may be numerous possible causes of headaches, and you never know which one is yours. It can be minor stress that is troubling you or a problem like a migraine.
While some headaches and their causes can be identified by the location that they trigger on the head, others are not easy to understand. Avoiding pain is easier when you know the cause of the headache and how to prevent it. The causes of the headache can be any of your environmental changes, eating habits, and activities that spark discomfort in any way.
Tension headaches are the most common form of headache. It can often be set off by stress, fatigue, lack of sleep, hunger, caffeine withdrawal, weather changes, food and drinks, or abrupt cessation of medications that contain caffeine, such as some pain-relieving medications like ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol). While stress, anxiety, and depression are the common causes, some other causes may include dehydration, loud noise, lack of exercise, and eye strain.
Many of these tension headaches can be a cause of migraine headaches too. Potential causes behind the rising migraine headaches are certain smells, being around smoke, bright light, alcohol, certain food, changes in estrogen levels for women, abrupt cessation of caffeine, taking certain prescription medications prescribed for birth control or menopausal symptoms, or consumption of food additives. A migraine headache often involves throbbing pain on one side of the head. The person may experience a sudden increased sensitivity to light, sound, and smell. There might be some visual and sensory disturbances in the body.
These headaches often occur due to strenuous physical exercise. The activities that can trigger an exertional headache are possibly running, jumping, weight lifting, coughing, sneezing, or sexual intercourse. These are short-term headaches that go away by themselves. But, if they trigger frequently, you must consult a doctor. They occur as a throbbing pain throughout the area of the head.
Some medicines can react in the body and cause headaches. It results in frequent or daily headaches with quite similar symptoms as a migraine headache. Sometimes, painkillers can be an effective solution to this type of headache, but the headache may return sometime later. If you are taking frequent pain killer medication for headaches, you must consult a doctor. When a doctor prescribes a new medicine, and you start getting a headache, you must visit the doctor and share the problem. The medicine might not suit your body, and the doctor can study the symptoms and change them.
You might have heard the term ‘sinus’ and the headache associated with it. It usually results from an allergy or an infection. If this type of headache occurs, it may cause a dull, throbbing ache around the eyes, cheeks, and forehead. The condition may worsen with increasing pain during movement or straining, and the pain can sometimes spread to the teeth and jaw. Some possible symptoms of sinus-related headache are facial pressure or pain, reduced sense of smell, nasal discharge, a blocked nose, fever, fatigue, ear pain, bad breath, cough, dental pain, or a general feeling of being unwell. Most people get their nasal system checked for sinus pain, as it is the most common cause behind this.
While caffeine is believed to relieve headaches, excess consumption of caffeine can also cause headaches. Also, if someone consumes more than 200 mg of caffeine daily for two weeks or so, then, in such a case, its withdrawal can also cause headaches because the body becomes addicted to caffeine. Such headaches can worsen with time. Withdrawing caffeine consumption suddenly after regularity can also lead to problems like tiredness, difficulty in concentration, reduced mood or irritability, or nausea. Hence, reducing caffeine intake can decrease the risk of getting caffeine-related headaches.
When you have identified the cause of the headache, it is easy to rectify it. Preventing headaches is easier when you know the cause. You need to note what triggers the headache under what circumstances. If you notice its frequency, duration, and intensity, it will be much easier to study its prevention. The possible preventive measures for headaches are a balanced diet, proper sleep, controlled stress level, alcohol intake, taking care of your activity, menstrual cycle, medication, and physical problems.